Add the vowels to the letters and make the sounds. For example; pa, ta, ka, etc… The letters are grouped according to the different ways your tongue moves when making the sound.
Take this conversation for example.
|Jack||Bonjour John. Comment allez-vous?||Good day, John. How are you?|
|John||Bonjour Jack. Très bien, merci et toi, Ça va?||Good day, Jack. Very well thank you, and how are you?|
|Jack||Pas mal||Not bad|
|Jack||Salut Max. Ça va?||Hello Max. How are you?|
|Max||Ça va, et trois?||Well, and you?|
|Jack||Je vous présente Sarah. Notre nouvelle voisine.||I present to you, Sarah. Our new neighbor.|
|John||Ah bon. Enchantée Sarah.||Really? Nice to meet you, Sarah.|
|John||À bientôt Jack. Au revoir Max. Bonne journée.||See you soon Jack. Goodbye Max.|
|Sarah||Oui. À bientôt John.||Yes. See you soon, John.|
It begins with Jack saying “Good Day” to John with bonjour and then asking how he is with, “Comment allez-vous?”. Jack uses the formal version of hello and how are you. He could have said,”Salut John. Ça va?”. Contrast that with Jack greeting Max. They obviously know each other.
Also, Jack switches back to formal when presenting their new neighbor, Sarah. Note the feminine spelling of nouvelle, voisine, and enchantée instead of nouveau, voisin, or enchanté.
Say who it is
Again, from the conversation above, imagine if Sarah had not been near, or Jack showed John a photo of her. Then the conversation might have been more like this.
|John||C’est qui?||Who is it?|
|Jack||C’est Sarah||It is Sarah.|