Earlier this week arXiv from the Cornell University Library released one of the first papers to study who is tracking users in depth. The data was sourced by Who Tracks Me using more than 780 million page loads over the course of 10 months. Previous attempts at measuring tracking on the Internet were flawed as the didn't replicate actual users interacting with web pages. WhoTracks.me used Cliqz and Ghostery Anti-Tracking data (consented to by users) to collect the data and have released it on their website.
The new data points to the prevalence of tracking with 77% of pages having at least one tracker present and individual trackers present on 60% of the top 1,000,000 websites. These trackers are hidden and in most cases users don't know they are connected to a third party service.
New Zealand is no exception to these third party services. They are attached to pages that we should be able to trust and assume we can. The Mental Health Foundation of New Zealand website has 19 third party services, IRD has 14, WINZ has 2, Womans Refuge New Zealand has 23 and the New Zealand Labour Party has 14. In many cases these third party services are semi legitimate in that they make calls to a service that makes the website operate such as to a font service. But since I didn't connect to the font service by choice and it wasn't revealed to me that I was connecting to it then they are also quite morally dubious.
If you take Womans Refuge New Zealand (sorry , you had the most) then the third party sites you are attached to include;
Google and Youtube are mixed together here as they are both owned by Alphabet. At first glance there are things that could be considered legitimately attached to the page. Font and script calls, maps and a call to Youtube as there is a video on the page. So leaving out the fact that by going to the page you have informed Google of your connection to the Womans Refuge website I can accept that they might serve some purpose to me as the person begin served the page.
However, both of the doubleclick.net addresses are used for Ad serving, Ad delivery and Behavioral targeting. Basically Google uses the information to target you for advertising basing the ads content on your browsing.
MaxCDN is a content distribution network. I was unable to find what their policy was for non-customer information.
Taranaki Women's Refuge
I am unsure why this page is connected or what it is serving. As their website developer is A1 Websites it would appear to be for a website in testing. It is part of the Womens Refuge network though so probably not tracking.
Go Daddy provides a protected site seal for the website. They also collect information, share it with third parties and use it for, processing credit card payment, serving advertisements, conducting contests or surveys, performing analysis of our Services and customers demographics, communicating with you, such as by way email or survey delivery, and customer relationship management.
Who tracks me? - In conclusion
Just taking this one website it is obvious that there is a large amount of data that could be leaked about the users of the site. A site that should be trusted and is used by some of the most vulnerable members of New Zealand society is unknowingly connecting them to 9 different companies. Some of whom appear to collect their information without their knowledge or informed consent.
To make matters worse, many of the privacy policies attached to those companies use the word customer and that brings up a new problem. The customer is the website paying for the services, not the people using it. It is possible this makes large amounts of the privacy policies non existent when applied to the users of the site. That information can be used to target those people with advertising, media, politics, news. There are lists in other countries of people suffering from rape. We don't want a list of New Zealand woman suffering from abuse. We need to start protecting our on-line privacy and we need to do it now. If you don't believe me then get Firefox and install the Lightbeam addon for a week and see how many third party sites you connect to.